Soon, we’ll be publishing
a CloudXPRT white paper that focuses on the benchmark’s data analytics
workload. We summarized the workload in the Introduction to CloudXPRT white paper, but in the same way that
the Overview of the CloudXPRT Web Microservices Workload paper did, the new
paper will discuss the workload in much greater detail.
In addition to
providing practical information about the installation package and minimum
system requirements for the data analytics workload, the paper will describe
test configuration variables, structural components, task workflows, and test
metrics. It will also include guidance on interpreting test results and submitting
them for publication.
As we’ve noted, CloudXPRT is one of the more complex tools in the XPRT family,
with no shortage of topics to explore. Possible future topics include the
impact of adjusting specific test configuration options, recommendations for
results reporting, and methods for results analysis. If there are specific
topics that you’d like us to address in future white papers, please feel free
to send us your ideas!
We hope that the
upcoming Overview of the CloudXPRT Data Analytics Workload paper
will serve as a go-to resource for CloudXPRT testers, and will answer any
questions you have about the workload. Once it goes live, we’ll provide links
in the Helpful Info box on CloudXPRT.com and the CloudXPRT section of our XPRT white papers page.
If you have any questions, please let us know!
The CloudXPRT Preview period has ended, and CloudXPRT version 1.0 installation packages are now available on CloudXPRT.com and the BenchmarkXPRT GitHub repository! Like the Preview build, CloudXPRT version 1.0 includes two workloads: web microservices and data analytics (you can find more details about the workloads here). Testers can use metrics from the workloads to compare IaaS stack (both hardware and software) performance and to evaluate whether any given stack is capable of meeting SLA thresholds. You can configure CloudXPRT to run on local datacenter, Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud Platform, or Microsoft Azure deployments.
Several different test packages are available for download from the CloudXPRT download page. For detailed installation instructions and hardware and software requirements for each, click the package’s readme link. On CloudXPRT.com, the Helpful Info box contains resources such as links to the Introduction to CloudXPRT white paper, the CloudXPRT master readme, and the CloudXPRT GitHub repository.
The GitHub repository also contains the CloudXPRT
source code. The source code is freely available for testers to download and
Performance results from this release are comparable
to performance results from the CloudXPRT Preview build. Testers who wish to
publish results on CloudXPRT.com can find more information about the results
submission and review process in the blog. We post the monthly results cycle schedule on the results
We’re thankful for all the input we received during the CloudXPRT development process and Preview period. If you have any questions about CloudXPRT, please let us know.
This week, we made
some changes to the CloudXPRT results viewer that we think will simplify the results-browsing experience and
allow visitors to more quickly and easily find important data.
The first set of
changes involves how we present test system information in the main results
table and on the individual results details pages. We realized that there was
potential for confusion around the “CPU” and “Number of nodes” categories. We
removed those and created the following new fields: “Cluster components,”
“Nodes (work + control plane),” and
“vCPUs (work + control plane).” These new categories better describe test
configurations and clarify how many CPUs engage with the workload.
The second set of
changes involves the number of data points that we list in the table for each web
microservices test run. For example, previously, we published a unique entry
for each level of concurrency a test run records. If a run scaled to 32
concurrent instances, we presented the data for each instance in its own row. This
helped to show the performance curve during a single test as the workload
scaled up, but it made it more difficult for visitors to identify the best
throughput results from an individual run. We decided to consolidate the
results from a complete test run on a single row, highlighting only the maximum
number of successful requests (throughout). All the raw data from each run remains
available for download on the details page for each result, but visitors don’t
have to wade through all that data to find the configuration’s main “score.”
We view the development of the CloudXPRT results viewer as an ongoing process. As we add results and receive feedback from testers about the data presentation formats that work best for them, we’ll continue to add more features and tweak existing ones to make them as useful as possible. If you have any questions about CloudXPRT results or the results viewer, please let us know!
happy to announce that we’re planning to release the CloudXPRT Preview next
week! After we take the CloudXPRT Preview installation and source code packages
live, they will be freely available to the public via CloudXPRT.com
and the BenchmarkXPRT GitHub repository.
All interested parties will be able to publish CloudXPRT results. However,
until we begin the formal results submission and review process
in July, we will publish only results we produce in our own lab. We’ll share
more information about that process and the corresponding dates here in the
blog in the coming weeks.
We do have one change to report regarding the CloudXPRT workloads we announced in a previous blog post. The Preview will include the web microservices and data analytics workloads (described below), but will not include the AI-themed container scaling workload. We hope to add that workload to the CloudXPRT suite in the near future, and are still conducting testing to make sure we get it right.
you missed the earlier workload-related post, here are the details about the
two workloads that will be in the preview build:
- In the web microservices workload, a simulated user logs in to a web application that does three things: provides a selection of stock options, performs Monte-Carlo simulations with those stocks, and presents the user with options that may be of interest. The workload reports performance in transactions per second, which testers can use to directly compare IaaS stacks and to evaluate whether any given stack is capable of meeting service-level agreement (SLA) thresholds.
- The data analytics workload calculates XGBoost model training time. XGBoost is a gradient-boosting framework that data scientists often use for ML-based regression and classification problems. The purpose of the workload in the context of CloudXPRT is to evaluate how well an IaaS stack enables XGBoost to speed and optimize model training. The workload reports latency and throughput rates. As with the web-tier microservices workload, testers can use this workload’s metrics to compare IaaS stack performance and to evaluate whether any given stack is capable of meeting SLA thresholds.
CloudXPRT Preview provides OEMs, the tech press, vendors, and other testers
with an opportunity to work with CloudXPRT directly and shape the future of the
benchmark with their feedback. We hope that testers will take this opportunity
to explore the tool and send us their thoughts on its structure, workload
concepts and execution, ease of use, and documentation. That feedback will help
us improve the relevance and accessibility of CloudXPRT testing and results for
years to come.
If you have any questions about the upcoming CloudXPRT Preview, please feel free to contact us.
a month ago, we posted an update
on the CloudXPRT development process. Today, we want to provide more details
about the three workloads we plan to offer in the initial preview build:
- In the web-tier microservices workload, a simulated user logs in to a web application that does three things: provides a selection of stock options, performs Monte-Carlo simulations with those stocks, and presents the user with options that may be of interest. The workload reports performance in transactions per second, which testers can use to directly compare IaaS stacks and to evaluate whether any given stack is capable of meeting service-level agreement (SLA) thresholds.
- The machine learning (ML) training workload calculates XGBoost model training time. XGBoost is a gradient-boosting framework that data scientists often use for ML-based regression and classification problems. The purpose of the workload in the context of CloudXPRT is to evaluate how well an IaaS stack enables XGBoost to speed and optimize model training. The workload reports latency and throughput rates. As with the web-tier microservices workload, testers can use this workload’s metrics to compare IaaS stack performance and to evaluate whether any given stack is capable of meeting SLA thresholds.
- The AI-themed container scaling workload starts up a container and uses a version of the AIXPRT harness to launch Wide and Deep recommender system inference tasks in the container. Each container represents a fixed amount of work, and as the number of Wide and Deep jobs increases, CloudXPRT launches more containers in parallel to handle the load. The workload reports both the startup time for the containers and the Wide and Deep throughput results. Testers can use this workload to compare container startup time between IaaS stacks; optimize the balance between resource allocation, capacity, and throughput on a given stack; and confirm whether a given stack is suitable for specific SLAs.
We’re continuing to move forward with CloudXPRT development and testing and hope to add more workloads in subsequent builds. Like most organizations, we’ve adjusted our work patterns to adapt to the COVID-19 situation. While this has slowed our progress a bit, we still hope to release the CloudXPRT preview build in April. If anything changes, we’ll let folks know as soon as possible here in the blog.
If you have any thoughts or comments about CloudXPRT workloads, please feel free to contact us.
month, Bill announced
that we were starting work on a new data center benchmark. CloudXPRT
will measure the performance of modern, cloud-first applications deployed on infrastructure
as a service (IaaS) platforms—on-premises platforms,
externally hosted platforms, and hybrid clouds that use a mix of the two. Our
ultimate goal is for CloudXPRT to use cloud-native components on an actual
stack to produce end-to-end performance metrics that can help users determine the
right IaaS configuration for their business.
we want to provide a quick update on CloudXPRT development and testing.
- Installation. We’ve completely automated the CloudXPRT installation process, which leverages Kubernetes or Ansible tools depending on the target platform. The installation processes differ slightly for each platform, but testing is the same.
- Workloads. We’re currently testing potential workloads that focus on three areas: web microservices, data analytics, and container scaling. We might not include all of these workloads in the first release, but we’ll keep the community informed and share more details about each workload as the picture becomes clearer. We are designing the workloads so that testers can use them to directly compare IaaS stacks and evaluate whether any given stack can meet service level agreement (SLA) thresholds.
- Platforms. We want CloudXPRT to eventually support testing on a variety of popular externally hosted platforms. However, constructing a cross-platform benchmark is complicated and we haven’t yet decided which external platforms the first CloudXPRT release will support. We’ve successfully tested the current build with on-premises IaaS stacks and with one externally hosted platform, Amazon Web Services. Next, we will test the build on Google Cloud Hosting and Microsoft Azure.
- Timeline. We are on track to meet our target of releasing a CloudXPRT preview build in late March and the first official build about two months later. If anything changes, we’ll post an updated timeline here in the blog.
you would like to share any thoughts or comments related to CloudXPRT or cloud
benchmarking, please feel free to contact